Gopinath Bordoloi was born on 6th June, 1890 at Raha, Assam. He studied Arts at the Scottish Church College, Calcutta and the University of Calcutta. Bordoloi went on to pursue law and began his legal practice in Guwahati.
Role in Independence Movement:
Bordoloi joined the Indian National Congress as a volunteer. He actively participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement and was jailed in 1922. In 1936, Bordoloi was elected leader of the opposition in the Assam Legislative Assembly. Two years later, in 1938, he became the Premier (Chief Minister) of Assam.
However, after the outbreak of World War II, he and his Cabinet resigned. Bordoloi was jailed twice in the period that followed his resignation; he was eventually released in 1944. In the 1946 Assembly elections, he was once again elected as the Premier of Assam.
Bordoloi was the first Chief Minister of Assam in independent India. He implemented progressive industrial and educational policies and was also responsible for establishing a number of Universities including the Gauhati University.
He passed away in 1950 while still in office.
Awards and Recognition:
He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1999 for his work in public affairs. In 2002, a statue of Bordoloi was unveiled in Parliament. The Governor of Assam (1950-56), Jairamdas Daulatram conferred the title Lokpriya, or loved by all on Bordoloi.
He wrote several that included : Annasaktiyog, Shreeramachandra, Hajrat Mohammad, and Budhhadeb.