Definition of State
Equality
forced labour
Reservation
Constitutional remedies
right to property
minority rights
religious education
freedom of religion
child labour
untouchability
due process
personal liberty
right to life
freedom of speech
right to freedom
abolition of titles
equality of opportunity
Discrimination
preventive detention
double jeopardy
union list
finance commission
fiscal federalism
taxation
residuary power
union of states
kashmir
seventh schedule
state list
emergency
parliamentary executive
supreme court
high court
judiciary
governor
powers of president
legislature
judicial review
public health
gender
international relations
separation of powers
protection of monuments
cow slaughter
social justice
compulsory education
cottage industry
public assistance
local government
panchayat
natural resources
enforceability
proportional representation
separate electorates
election commission
integration of states
universal adult suffrage

Speaker

B.R. Ambedkar

Sort by

Showing

2

of

93

relevant paragraphs

9.143.196
     The emphasis is on the abolition of the jurisdiction of the Privy Council, and obviously that emphasis could not be realised if the words "abolition of jurisdiction" were put in brackets.
9.143.120
   Sir, with your permission I would like to move the amendment which have been put in a somewhat different form because I thought that the amendments as tabled rather create a confusion. If you will allow me, I have put all these in a consolidated form. There is no substantial change at all. It is just a matter of form and I thought that the Ho...

Showing

2

of

83

relevant paragraphs

9.142.158
Another question raised is as regards the maintenance of the detenus and their families.
9.142.155
: 'May' is 'shall'.

Showing

2

of

82

relevant paragraphs

9.133.188
      : The jurisdiction of the ordinary court is ousted only to the extent provided for in paragraph 4. Otherwise the jurisdiction of the ordinary courts continues. These will not be the only courts in this area; there will be other courts established by the Provincial Government for the purpose of administration of the general law of the Provi...
9.133.181
     With regard to the question of appeals from the decisions of the tribunals which are created under this paragraph, the answer again is quite simple. The paragraph first provides that a court of appeal may be constituted there. Now the Governor or the Provincial Ministry may either constitute a new court of appeal in which case appeals will ...

Showing

2

of

79

relevant paragraphs

9.129.79
     Now with regard to Mr. Sidhva, this matter again was debated last time and I said that although these taxes were leviable by the Centre, the proceeds of all of them would be distributable among the different Provinces. The Centre would not claim any interest. If the Provinces after getting the proceeds want to pass on any part of those proc...
9.129.400
 Sir, I move :     "That for entry 9 of List II, the following entry be substituted: -     '9. Acquisition or requisitioning of property except for the purposes of the Union, subject to the provisions of entry 35 of List III.' '

Showing

2

of

74

relevant paragraphs

9.128.234
    With regard to (b), it is a matter of controversy and the Drafting Committee has not yet come to any conclusion on the question. The Drafting Committee feels that (a) is a perfectly logical consequence of the power which we have already given to Parliament to declare certain industries of national importance. If Parliament has the power to d...
9.128.253
     :  With regard to Mr. Kamath's amendment, it seems to me to be quite unnecessary because the word "oil fields" is used in general terms. Wherever it occurs, the Centre shall have jurisdiction. If an oilfield can occur below water..........

Showing

2

of

68

relevant paragraphs

9.127.351
      Sir, I am constrained to begin by stating that I have on very many occasions noted ;that my Friend Mr. Naziruddin Ahmad has got into the habit of speaking of the Drafting Committee in most derisive terms. I have not descended to his level in order to reply to him, but I should like to give him a warning that if he persists in doing this ki...
9.127.199
     I do not think that much explanation is necessary as to why I cannot accept the amendment of Mr. Naziruddin Ahmad. As you will see the entry really falls into two parts. In the first part it deals with specific institutions which are enumerated therein. In the second part it deals with institutions which are either financed by the Governmen...

Showing

2

of

65

relevant paragraphs

11.165.46
     Of course there is. The third Act deals with the custody, management and disposal of evacuee property. I have got the Act here before me.
11.165.303
     Mr. Naziruddin Ahmed has coined a new name for the Drafting Committee evidently to show his contempt for it. He calls it a Drafting committee. Mr. Naziruddin must no doubt be pleased with his hit. But he evidently does not know that there is a difference between drift without mastery and drift with mastery. If the Drafting Committee was dr...

Showing

2

of

63

relevant paragraphs

7.48.220
There is another special feature of the proposed Indian Federation which distinguishes it from other federations. A Federation being a dual polity based on divided authority with separate legislative, executive and judicial powers for each of the two polities is bound to produce diversity in laws, in administration and in judicial protection. Up...
7.48.218
The second means adopted to avoid rigidity and legalism is the provision for facility with which the Constitution could be amended. The provisions of the Constitution relating to the amendment of the Constitution divide the Articles of the Constitution into two groups. In the one group are placed Articles relating to (a) the distribution of legi...

Showing

2

of

55

relevant paragraphs

8.105.60
 Sir, I move:     "That in article 271-(i)  the words 'for the purposes of the Government of that State', in the two places where they occur, be omitted;(ii)  the words 'for the purposes of the Government of India', in the two places where they occur, be omitted."
8.105.55
: I think that property is subject to partition between India and Pakistan, e.g. the India Office Library, etc., I understand that is being discussed.

Showing

2

of

55

relevant paragraphs

9.136.287
 : Sir, I move amendment No. 373 :"That after article 242, the following new article be inserted :-Adjudication of disputes relating to  waters of inter-State riers or river valleys.'242A. (1) Parliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute or complaint with respect to the use, distribution or control of the waters of, or i...
9.136.232
 : Sir, in view of what my honourable Friend Mr. Sidhva said that I have been inconsistent in my attitude towards these entries, I should like to offer one or two observations by way of explanation. Sir, I said in the course of the debate that took place last time over this matter that the newspapers were very intimately connected with article 1...

Showing

2

of

54

relevant paragraphs

8.102.75
   Sir, I move:     "That in clause (1) of article 93, for the words 'revenues of India' the words 'Consolidated Fund of India' be substituted."
8.102.281
     Sir, I move: "That in clause (1) of article 178, for the words 'revenues of a State', the words 'Consolidated Fund of a State' be substituted." (Amendment No. 2490 was not moved.)

Showing

2

of

47

relevant paragraphs

9.134.183
     : "Exclude" also we, are giving. To "diminish" means really "exclude".
9.134.220
     : Sir, I move:     "That with reference to amendment No. 3034 of the List of Amendments (Volume II), for article 282. the following articles be substituted:-    'Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a State: "282. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Acts of the appropriate Legislature may regu...

Showing

2

of

41

relevant paragraphs

7.73.89
: Supposing every Minister wants to contest the election and therefore every Minister will have to resign.
7.73.95
The third question that arises--I think it is a very concrete question--is this. Supposing we laid down any such condition; is it possible in the circumstances in which we are living, to obtain any candidate who would offer himself for the Presidentship and subject himself to the conditions which have been laid down by Professor Shah? I doubt v...

Showing

2

of

41

relevant paragraphs

9.115.90
 : Sir, I move:"That in article 267-(i) after the words 'Crown in India' the words 'or after such commencement in connection With the affairs of the Union or of a State' be inserted;(ii) for the words 'revenues of India' wherever they occur, the words 'Consolidated Fund of India' be substituted;(iii) for the words 'revenues of a State' wherever ...
9.115.124
 : Sir, except for the last oration of my Friend Prof. K. T. Shah in which he suggested that we should introduce a clause putting limitation upon the authority of Parliament to sanction loans, I was really quite unable to understand the dissent which has been expressed by other speakers with regard to the provision contained in article 268. It i...

Showing

2

of

40

relevant paragraphs

9.107.79
     The provisions of this article follow very closely the provisions contained in the Government of India Act, section 60, for the creation of the Legislative Council and section 308 which provides for the abolition. The procedure adopted here for the creation and abolition is that the matter is really left with the Lower Chamber, which by a ...
9.107.11
      : Sir, I move:

Showing

2

of

39

relevant paragraphs

10.146.84
     Sir, I move:      "That after article 311 A the following new article be inserted:--Council of Ministers of the provisional President - '311B. Such persons as the provisional President may appoint in this behalf shall become members of theCouncil of Ministers of the provisional President under this Constitution, and until appointments are' ...
10.146.214
    But 'approval' means what? It may nullify the action taken by the President, and the object of this provision is to provide an effective remedy. That way it cannot come into force quickly while what we want is that the matter should come into force at once.

Showing

2

of

38

relevant paragraphs

7.74.256
     Secondly, so far as this particular clause is concerned I find that his amendment is quite unnecessary, because if he will read sub-clause (1) of article 54 he will see that it is stated "to fill such vacancy enters upon his office". Surely the entering upon office will be at sometime in the day-it may be midnight or it may be 12 o'clock in...
7.74.322
     This matter has already been debated last time. (Amendment No. 1241 was not moved.)

Showing

2

of

38

relevant paragraphs

8.101.70
    May I say one more thing? There is no doubt a power under the Civil Procedure Code contained in section 24 permitting the High Court to withdraw any case to itself and determine it. But the difficulty with section 24 is that if the High Court decides upon withdrawal it shall have to withdraw the whole case. It has no power of partial withdra...
8.101.106
    Sir, with your permission, I would like at this stage to make a short introductory speech in order to give the House an idea of some of the changes which are not covered by the specific amendments which I have moved just now, but which relate to the changes that have been made in the financial procedure to be observed with regard to financia...

Showing

2

of

37

relevant paragraphs

7.83.296
     Sir, I do not think there is any other point worthy of consideration or calling for reply. I therefore recommend to the House the acceptance of article 149, as amended.
7.83.289
     Now, Sir, so far as the general debate on the article is concerned, it seems to me that there are only two points that call for reply. The first point is with regard to the census figures to be adopted for the purpose of the new elections. A great deal of argument was concentrated by many speakers on the fact that the census in certain pro...

Showing

2

of

37

relevant paragraphs

11.157.250
: He can act at any time. The Constituent Assembly will not be able to take notice of it, because it will not be in existence for this purpose after the 26th November. The point is this that the Government of India Act, 1935 will continue in operation after the 25th November, So long as that Act continues, the Governor-General's right to act u...
11.157.232
 Now, Sir, I come to article 48 which relates to cow slaughter. I need not say anything about it because the Drafting Committee has put in an agreed amendment which is No. 549 in List IV. I hope that that would satisfy those who were rather dissatisfied with the new draft of article 48 as proposed by the Drafting Committee.

Showing

2

of

36

relevant paragraphs

10.153.258
: In that case we may meet at 4.
10.153.385
: Oh, yes.

Showing

2

of

36

relevant paragraphs

8.100.224
  Sir, I move:     "That the explanation to article 204 be omitted."
8.100.206
 No. Sir, I accept BakshiTekChand's amendment. I do not think that any reply is necessary

Showing

2

of

35

relevant paragraphs

7.70.232
:The reason why for instance, I have introduced an amendment in clause (a) is because it is only in specific matters that Parliament has been given this penal authority and these article are referred to in my amendment. My friend Mr. Kamath will see that clause (a) contains no reference to any of the articles which specifically give Parliament ...
7.70.227
:It is quite possible.

Showing

2

of

35

relevant paragraphs

8.104.110
Sir, I move:     "That in clause (1) of article 164 for the words 'Save as provided' the words 'Save as otherwise provided" be substituted".(Amendments Nos. 2390 to 2396 were not moved.)
8.104.76
It is too late now.

Showing

2

of

34

relevant paragraphs

10.149.137
: President Rs. 5,500 a month.
10.149.197
As will be seen, the underlying idea of this Part is that Part VI of this Constitution which deals with the Constitution of the States will now automatically apply under the provisions of article 21 ]-A to States in Part Ill. But it is realized that in applying Part VI to the Indian States which will be in Part II] there are special circumstanc...

Showing

2

of

34

relevant paragraphs

9.120.217
     : That is a very fundamental thing. In a sense it is fundamental and in a sense it is not fundamental because we have provided that the Proclamation shall be placed before the Parliament. That obligation I have now imposed. Obviously if the Parliament is called and the Proclamation is placed before it, it would be a stupid thing if the peop...
9.120.212
  : The State there means both because the word 'State' used in article 279 is used in the same sense in which it is used in Part III where it means both the Centre, the provinces and even the municipalities.

Showing

2

of

33

relevant paragraphs

9.126.148
:      "That for entry 4 of List I, the following entry be substituted'4. Naval, military and air forces; any other armed forces of the Union.'"
9.126.140
: We are hitherto using the word "foreign" throughout, and I think it is better we keep to the same word.

Showing

2

of

33

relevant paragraphs

8.97.336
: I do not consider it necessary.
8.97.307
: Sir, it has to be held over.

Showing

2

of

33

relevant paragraphs

7.72.145
: Well, it seems to me only a natural conclusion, because the seats for the elections cannot be assigned unless the populations of the various communities are ascertained. Therefore, that seems to me the logical conclusion, and a new census will be inevitable.
7.72.143
: I cannot possibly give an assurance. But no government will overlook the vast changes that have taken place in the composition and the total population of the different provinces. We have guaranteed representation to a great population consisting of various minorities. There has been a great deal of debate, as honourable Members know, over t...

Showing

2

of

32

relevant paragraphs

7.76.45
One of the points on which they found themselves at loggerheads was the question of provincial autonomy. Of course, it was realised that there could not be complete provincial autonomy in a Constitution which intended to preserve the unity of India, both in the matter of legislation and administration. But the Muslim League took up such an adam...
7.76.193
Now, Sir, I come to the amendments of Prof. K. T. Shah. It is rather difficult for me to go through his long amendments and to extract what is really the summum bonum of each of these longish paragraphs. I have gone through them and I find that Prof. K. T. Shah wants to propose four things. One is that he does not want the Prime Minister, at an...

Showing

2

of

31

relevant paragraphs

8.89.140
     The point was made by my Friend, Mr. Pocker, in his amendment No. 1796, whereby he urged that such an ordinance should not deprive any citizen of his fundamental right of personal liberty except on conviction after trial by a competent court of law. Now, so far as his amendment is concerned, I think he has not read clause (3) of article 10...
8.89.7
 Sir, I propose that we start now with article 100.

Showing

2

of

31

relevant paragraphs

8.87.154
That is the sequence of events and it would be seen that article 81 is so framed as to fit in with this sequence. Even today, if I may say so, the same procedure is followed. The President (or the Governor-General) appoints somebody when the House meets for the first time to preside over it. Every member then take the oath or makes the affirmat...
8.87.151
Sir, I am sorry to say that I cannot accept the amendment moved by my Friend Professor Shah. I think Prof. Shah has really misunderstood the sequence of events, if I may say so, in the life of a candidate who has been elected until the time that he becomes a member of the House. If Prof. Shah were to refer to article 81 and also note the heading...

Showing

2

of

30

relevant paragraphs

10.154.129
Article 8 says –       "All laws in force immediately before the commencement of this Constitution in the territory of India, in so far as they are inconsistent with the provision of this Part, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency be void."
10.154.133
 : Well, that may be brought in.

Showing

2

of

29

relevant paragraphs

8.106.52
My first amendment is:     "That the words 'to be appointed by the President' at the end of clause (1) be deleted."     "In clause (2) in line 4, for the word 'appoint' substitute the word 'fix' after which insert the following:--"The appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners shall, subject to the Provision...
8.106.223
: The wording is "at a joins meeting" and not "sitting".

Showing

2

of

29

relevant paragraphs

9.108.121
 :Sir, I would like Articles 212 to 214 to be held over. I think Article 275 may be taken up.
9.108.40
 : It is a matter of expediency and practicality.

Showing

2

of

29

relevant paragraphs

8.99.18
Sir, I move: “That in clause (2) of article 111, for the words 'the case involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of this Constitution which has been wrongly decided', the words 'a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of this Constitution has been wrongly decided' be substituted.”
8.99.128
The Draft Constitution contains no provision for review of its judgments. It was felt that that was a great lacuna and this new article proposes to confer that power upon the Supreme Court.

Showing

2

of

28

relevant paragraphs

8.98.37
     I have referred to one difficulty why it has not been possible to categorise. Now I should mention some other difficulties which we have felt.
8.98.36
     But there is not the slightest doubt in my mind and I am sure also in the mind of the Drafting Committee that Parliament must have certain privileges, when that Parliament would be so much exposed to calumny, to unjustified criticism that the parliamentary institution in this country might be brought down to utter contempt and may lose all...

Showing

2

of

28

relevant paragraphs

9.111.209
Sir, I also move :     "That in clause (2) of article 249, for the words 'Revenues of India' the words 'Consolidated Fund of India' be substituted." (Amendment No. 68 was not moved.)
9.111.198
: Sir, I move:"That above article 249, the following sub-heading be inserted :- 'Distribution of Revenues between the Union and the States'."

Showing

2

of

27

relevant paragraphs

7.62.181
  No.
7.62.179
    I cannot accept the amendment of Mr. Naziruddin Ahmad.

Showing

2

of

27

relevant paragraphs

8.86.60
From the second paragraph of article 67-A it will be noticed that they are only entitled to take part in the debate, whether the debate is taking place in the House as a whole or in a particular committee to which they are nominated by the House as a whole or in a particular committee to which they are nominated by the House as members thereof;...
8.86.260
: Sir, I do not think Professor Shah has really understood the underlying purpose of article 72. In order that the matter may be quite clear, I might begin by stating some simple fundamental propositions. Every House is an autonomous House; that is to say, that it will not allow anybody who is not a member of that House either to participate i...

Showing

2

of

27

relevant paragraphs

9.121.103
     Then I come to the removal of the members of the Public Service Commission. That matter is dealt with in article 285-A. Under the provisions of that article, a member of the Public Service Commission is liable to be removed by the President on proof of misbehaviour. He is also liable to be removed by reason of automatic disqualification. T...
9.121.200
      : Mr. President, Sir, there are just a few points on which I would like to say a word or two in reply to the criticism made on the articles, which I have submitted to the House.

Showing

2

of

26

relevant paragraphs

9.135.199
    That might be put, so that the others may be taken, separately. It is an independent thing.
9.135.202
     That after Part X, the following new Part be inserted, namely:-"Part XA     Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territory of India.Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse throughout the territory of India.274A.  Subject to the other provision of this Part, trade, commerce and intercourse throughout the territory of India shall be ...

Showing

2

of

26

relevant paragraphs

9.141.3
 Sir, the position is this that according to the ruling of the Privy Council there is a distinction between civil matters and matters relating to Income-tax and, for instance, acquisition proceedings. It has been held that the proceedings relating to income-tax and to acquisition of property do not lie within the purview of what are called 'civi...
9.141.129
:You are selling your immortality very cheap.

Showing

2

of

26

relevant paragraphs

8.96.211
With regard the suggestion of my Friend Mr. Jaipal Singh, that Bombay should be included on account of the fact that as a result of the mergers that have taken place into Bombay Presidency, the number of Tribal people has increased I am sorry to say that at this stage, I cannot accept it because this is a matter on which it would be necessary t...
8.96.84
: We can revise. This House is perfectly competent to revise Article 143. If after going through the whole of it, the House feels that the better way would be to mention the Articles specifically, it can do so. It is purely a logomachy.

Showing

2

of

26

relevant paragraphs

9.130.412
 : Sir, this matter will be covered by the Part of the Constitution which we propose to add to the existing Draft, the part where all the payments that are to be made to the rulers will be dealt with, and for the present, I do not see any necessity for any such amendment. I think my Friend, after seeing that part which we propose to introduce b...
9.130.406
 : Sir, I move:     "That entry 64 of List II be deleted."

Showing

2

of

25

relevant paragraphs

7.68.160
The first reason is this. We have accepted the proposition which is embodied in article 21, that public funds raised by taxes shall not be utilised for the benefit of any particular community. For instance, if we permitted any particular religious instruction, say, if a school established by a District or Local Board gives religious instruction...
7.68.159
Now, I take the liberty of saying that the draft as it stands, strikes the mean, which I hope will be acceptable to the House. There are three reasons, in my judgment, which militate against the acceptance of the view advocated by my friend Mr. Ismail, namely that there ought to be no ban on religious instructions, rather that religious instruc...

Showing

2

of

24

relevant paragraphs

8.103.99
     I would like to explain this amendment in a few brief sentences. The original article as it stood said: "if it appears to the Legislature or Legislatures of one or more States to be desirable, etc." The new amendment said "if it appears to the Legislatures of two or more States to be desirable etc." Under the new amendment it would be open ...
8.103.102
     Sir, I quite appreciate the point raised by my honourable Friend Mr. Santhanam; but I think he has not carefully read sub-clause (2). The important words are: 'in like manner, so that if the State legislatures in whose interests this legislation is passed is like manner, that is to say by resolution, agree that such legislation be amended o...

Showing

2

of

23

relevant paragraphs

9.110.31
Now I come to Article 277-A. Some people might think that Article 277-A is merely a pious declaration, that it ought not to be there. The Drafting Committee has taken a different view and therefore like to explain why it is that the Drafting Committee feels that Article 277-A ought to be there. I think it is agreed that our Constitution, notwit...
9.110.27
: I have said that 188 will be deleted. It is not really necessary to move the amendment, but to give the House an idea of the whole picture I have said that we propose to delete Article 188.

Showing

2

of

22

relevant paragraphs

9.132.123
 : I have no idea about them. These should not be allowed.
9.132.8
I may mention that the Drafting Committee in putting forth this new Schedule had discussed the matter with the representatives of the provinces who are concerned with this particular matter, namely of scheduled area and scheduled tribes. We had also taken into consideration the opinion of my honourable Friend, Mr Thakkar, who knows a great deal...

Showing

2

of

22

relevant paragraphs

10.151.489
Sir, I do not think the amendment which I have moved calls for any explanation.
10.151.313
: There is not the slightest doubt about it.

Showing

2

of

22

relevant paragraphs

5.45.72
     The question that remains is, what is to happen with regard to their relationship to the Constituent Assembly. At present, as they are not Members of the Constituent, Assembly, they are not entitled to participate in the work of the Constituent Assembly so far as it relates to the making of the Constitution. The Committee came to the concl...
5.45.73
     Sir, there are two other matters about which the Committee has made no recommendation and it is necessary that I should refer to them. The first matter is the question of double membership. As the House knows there are certain Members of the Constituent Assembly who are also Members of the Provincial Legislature. So far there is no anomaly...

Showing

2

of

21

relevant paragraphs

8.93.246
    : The Supreme Court is not bound.
8.93.189
    : Yes, certainly. A circuit court is only a Bench.

Showing

2

of

20

relevant paragraphs

8.95.190
Sir, I moved:"That in clause (2) of article 135, for the words 'or position of emolument' the words 'of profit' be substituted." (Amendments Nos. 2092 and 2095 were not moved.)
8.95.111
It has been said in the course of the debate that the argument against election is that there would be a rivalry between the Prime Minister and the Governor, both deriving their mandate from the people at large. Speaking for myself, that was not the argument which influenced we because I do not accept that even under election there would be any ...

Showing

2

of

20

relevant paragraphs

9.119.136
  Sir, I move my amendment No. 6, List 1, Fourth Week.     "That after Part VIII, the following new Part be inserted:-"PART VIII-ATHE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS215 A. In this Constitution-(a)  the expression 'scheduled areas' means the areas specified in Parts I to VII of definitions the Table appended to paragraph 18 of the Fifth Schedule in re...
9.119.166
Sir, I move:-     "That in sub-clause (c) of clause (1) of article 250, after the word 'railway' a comma and the word 'sea' be inserted."

Showing

2

of

19

relevant paragraphs

7.78.272
    Yes.
7.78.270
     Then I should like to tell the House that it is proposed that at a later stage I should bring in an amendment which would permit the President to nominate three persons either to the Council of States or to the House of the People who shall be experts with regard to any matter which is being dealt with by any measure introduced by Governme...

Showing

2

of

19

relevant paragraphs

9.112.38
 Sir, I beg to move,     "That in clause (2) of article 251, for the words revenues of India the words 'Consolidated Fund of India' be substituted." (Amendments Nos. 75, 77 and 78 were not moved.)
9.112.85
With regard to the other question raised by Prof. Saksena, that instead of the word "prescribed", the wording should be "prescribed by Parliament", again I am sorry to say that I cannot accept the amendment. Our scheme is to allow the President to prescribe the proportion in the first instance by himself and in the second instance after a consi...

Showing

2

of

19

relevant paragraphs

9.113.86
     Now, my Friend, Pandit Hirday Nath Kunzru, pointed out that the Drafting Committee was wrong in inserting a definition of the word "prescribe" in the article now before the House. He went further to say that even in the last article which we passed, which is 260, the word "prescribed" ought not to be there. Now, it seems to me somewhat dif...
9.113.81
     Mr. President, Sir, in my reply to the debate, I do not propose to go over the many tales of woe that have been sung in this House by Members from different provinces who feel that they have been badly treated in the distribution of revenues that has been ordered under the Government of India Act, 1935. I just propose to take the few more c...

Showing

2

of

19

relevant paragraphs

9.114.114
  Sir, I do not wish to move it.
9.114.96
  Sir, it is proposed in a subsequent article to permit local authorities to levy certain taxes on professions, trades callings and employments up to a certain limit. It is feared that such a tax, if levied by the State, might be called in question on the ground that it amounts to a tax on income and being within the exclusive authority of the C...

Showing

2

of

18

relevant paragraphs

10.148.172
With regard to Mr. Muniswamy Pillay's amendment, the new thing he seeks to introduce is the provision for the Scheduled Tribes. As a matter of fact there is no objection to making provision for the Scheduled Tribes but the point is this that at present there is no enumeration of Scheduled Tribes, because Scheduled Tribes as such has not been re...
10.148.171
With regard to the amendment of Shrimati Purnima Banerjee, I do not think it is necessary to make a specific provision for the retention of women in this Constituent Assembly. I have no doubt about it that the President in the exercise of his powers of rule-making will bear this fact in mind and see that certain number of women members of the C...

Showing

2

of

18

relevant paragraphs

7.63.110
  He is satisfied with the explanation given by Mr.Munshi.
7.63.10
: I do not accept the amendment.

Showing

2

of

18

relevant paragraphs

7.66.29
     With regard to amendment No. 513 moved by my friend, Mr.Kakkan......
7.66.185
     With regard to the amendment of my honourable Friend ShriDamodarSwarup Seth, it seems to be unnecessary and I, therefore, do not accept it. With regard to the amendment of SardarBhopinder Singh Man, he wants that wherever compulsory labour is imposed by the State under the provisions of clause (2) of article 17 a proviso should be put in th...

Showing

2

of

17

relevant paragraphs

10.147.260
       Sir, I move:      "That for article 31 1, the following article be substituted:-Provisions as to provisional Parliament of the Union and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker thereof.311. (1) Until both Houses of Parliament have been duly constituted and summoned to meet for the first session under the provisions of this Constitution, the body ...
10.147.264
    The other provisions arc merely ancillary.

Showing

2

of

17

relevant paragraphs

7.64.241
    Now, my friend, Pandit Thakur DassBhargava entered into a great tirade against the Drafting Committee, accusing them of having gone out of their way to preserve existing laws. I do not know what he wants the Drafting Committee to do. Does he want us to say straightaway that all existing laws shall stand abrogated on the day on which the Cons...
7.64.217
    : This is an abuse of the procedure of the House. I cannot help saying that. When a member speaks on an amendment, he must confine himself to that amendment. He cannot avail himself of this opportunity of rambling over the entire field.

Showing

2

of

17

relevant paragraphs

7.75.111
: Yes.
7.75.113
Then, coming to the amendment of my friend Mr. Naziruddin Ahmad, who wants that in clause (c) after the word "term" words such as resignation etc. should be inserted. This amendment is absolutely unnecessary, because this article does not make any provision for filling casual vacancies. There is no necessity for making any provision for casual ...

Showing

2

of

17

relevant paragraphs

7.58.55
     May I explain, Sir? I find among the Members who are interested in the subject, there are two divisions: one division believes in cottage industries solely on a co-operative basis; the other division believes that there should be cottage industries without any such limitation. In order to satisfy both sides, I have used this phraseology del...
7.58.164
     I am also informed by my friend, Shri Karunakara Menon, that in North Malabar the Marumakkathayam Law applied to all--not only to Hindus but also to Muslims. It is to be remembered that the Marumakkathayam Law is a Matriarchal form of law and not a Patriarchal form of law.

Showing

2

of

17

relevant paragraphs

8.90.163
     Therefore, who else-can be appointed to positions like this, except persons who had judicial talent? It would be a very great handicap if these very persons who possess talent for doing work of this sort were deprived by provisions such as Shri Jaspat Roy Kapoor suggests. And I have said that the relation between the executive and judiciar...
8.90.10
     Mr. President, Sir, I move:     "That in clause (1) of article 103, for the words 'and such number of other judges not being less than seven, as Parliament may by law prescribe' the words 'and until Parliament by law prescribes a larger number, of seven other judges' be substituted."

Showing

2

of

17

relevant paragraphs

7.65.160
   Mr. Vice-President, Sir, among the many amendments that have been moved to this article 13, I propose to accept amendment No. 415, No. 453 as amended by amendment No. 86 of Mr. Munshi, and amendment No. 49 in list I as modified by Mr. Thakur Dass Bhargava's amendment to add the word 'reasonable'.
7.65.168
     Now, the only point which I had noted down to which I had thought of making some reference in the course of my reply was the point made by my friend, Professor K. T. Shah, that the fundamental rights do not speak of the freedom of the press. The reply given by my friend, Mr. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar, in my judgment is a complete reply. The p...

Showing

2

of

15

relevant paragraphs

7.60.156
If that proposition is accepted - and I do not seeanyone who cares for Fundamental Rights can object to such auniversal obligation being imposed upon every authoritycreated by law - then, what are we to do to make ourintention clear? There are two ways of doing it. One way isto use a composite phrase such as "the State", as we havedone in articl...
7.60.57
: I understand Mr.Kamath is moving an amendment.

Showing

2

of

14

relevant paragraphs

9.109.75
: Mr. President, Sir with regard to the amendment moved by my Friend Lala Deshbandhu Gupta, I am quite certain that this is not the place where the amendment properly come in. The. amendment also raises a question of principle, namely, that it provides for a weightage in representation to certain areas. Now, the House will remember that at one ...
9.109.105
This article is virtually the old article 275 as it stands in the Draft Constitution. The changes which are made by this amendment are very few. The first change that is made is in clause (1). The original words were "war or domestic violence". The present clause as amended would read as "war or external aggression, or internal disturbance." It...

Showing

2

of

14

relevant paragraphs

7.59.71
Now, I do not know what more my friend, Mr. Jaipal Singh, wants than the provision in paragraph 12 of the Sixth Schedule. My fear is that he has not read the Sixth Schedule: if he had read it, he would have realised that even though the State may apply its law regarding prohibition in any part of the country, it has no right to make it applicabl...
7.59.65
    Sir, I accept the amendment of Mr. Tyagi as amended by the amendment of Prof. ShibbanLalSaksena. (Laughter)

Showing

2

of

13

relevant paragraphs

9.118.225
     That is a different matter. I am only explaining why these provisions are being introduced by this new clause.
9.118.223
     I hope my honourable Friends will now understand that in giving this additional power of making an order with regard to the composition of the Chamber or Chambers the intention is to permit the Governor-General to make an order which will bring the strength of the different legislatures in the provinces affected to suit the numbers in those...

Showing

2

of

13

relevant paragraphs

9.125.111
 After the word "sincerely"? After "sincerely" I would like to add something more. It would not be enough.
9.125.19
 : Sir, I beg to move: "That for article 299, the following article be substituted :     '299. (1) There shall be a Special Officer for minorities to be appointed by the Special Officer, Officer, President. Special officer for minorities.     (2)It shall be the duty, of the Special Officer to investigate all matters relating to the safeguards pr...

Showing

2

of

12

relevant paragraphs

7.54.112
     The second change is this: under the original Article 3, the power of the Government of India to introduce legislation was restricted by two conditions which are mentioned in (a)(i) and (ii). The conditions were that there must be, before the initiation of any action, representation made to the President by a majority of the representative...
7.54.111
     Mr. Vice-President, if one were to compare the amended proviso with the original proviso as it was set out in the Draft Constitution, the Members will see that the new amendment introduces two changes. One is this: in the original draft the power to introduce the Bill was given exclusively to the Government of India. No Private Member of P...

Showing

2

of

12

relevant paragraphs

7.53.56
: I do not accept the amendment.
7.53.41
There are some other items more or less in the same strain. What I would like to ask Professor Shah is this: If these directive principles to which I have drawn attention are not socialistic in their direction and in their content, I fail to understand what more socialism can be.

Showing

2

of

12

relevant paragraphs

11.155.37
: Mr. President, Sir, I have to present the report of the Drafting Committee together with the Draft Constitution of India as revised by the Committee under rule 38-R or the Constituent Assembly rules. Sir, I move--     "That the amendments recommended by the Drafting Committee in the Draft Constitution of India be taken into consideration."
11.155.37
: Mr. President, Sir, I have to present the report of the Drafting Committee together with the Draft Constitution of India as revised by the Committee under rule 38-R or the Constituent Assembly rules. Sir, I move--     "That the amendments recommended by the Drafting Committee in the Draft Constitution of India be taken into consideration."

Showing

2

of

12

relevant paragraphs

8.88.97
Sir, it is just a matter of clarification by referring to the House referred to in sub-clause (c).
8.88.59
: Sir, I am sorry I cannot accept the amendment of my Friend Mr. Lari. I think it unnecessary to give an elaborate reply to the arguments advanced by the mover in view of my complete agreement with what has been said on the other side by Mr. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar and Mr. T. T. Krishnamachari. I do not think it would be desirable to waste the...

Showing

2

of

12

relevant paragraphs

8.94.74
The House probably will remember that the functions of the Auditor-General are regulated not by law made by Parliament, but by Ordinance, order, bye-law, rule or regulation, etc., made by the Governor-General, under the powers conferred upon him by the Government of India Act, 1935. Consequently, in order to keep alive the ordinances, orders, by...
8.94.51
: Mr. President, I cannot say that I am very happy about the position which the Draft Constitution, including the amendments which have been moved to the articles relating to the Auditor-General in this House, assigns to him. Personally speaking for myself, I am of opinion that this dignitary or officer is probably the most important officer in...

Showing

2

of

11

relevant paragraphs

3.20.260
Mr. President, Sir, I confess that I am considerably surprised at these amendments-both by Mr.Munshi as well as Mr.Tyagi, They have, I submit, given no reason why this clause 18 should be referred back to the Committee. The only reason in support of this proposal--one can sense--is that the rights of minorities should be relative, that is to say...
3.20.212
If you do not want that the children should be converted, you have to make some other kind of law with regard to guardianship in order to prevent the parents from exercising their rights to influence and shape the religious life of their children. Sir, I would like to ask whether it would be possible for this House to accept that a child of five...

Showing

2

of

11

relevant paragraphs

7.77.150
: I have dealt with that.
7.77.145
Now, Sir, I was saying that nobody has any objection; nobody quarrels with the aim and object which is behind this amendment. The question is, what sort of sanction we should forget. As I said, the legal sanction is inadequate. Have we no other sanction at all? In my judgment, we have a better sanction for the enforcement of the purity of admin...

Showing

2

of

11

relevant paragraphs

9.123.214
       Sir, I move:         "That after article 295, the following new article be inserted:-Reservation of seats for Scheduled castes and Scheduled tribes to cease to be in force after the expiration of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution.'295-A. Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Part, the pr...
9.123.157
This article is exactly the same as the original article as it stood in the Draft Constitution. The only amendment is that the provision for the reservation of seats for the Muslims and the Christians has been omitted from clause (1) of article 294. That is in accordance with the decision taken by this Assembly on that matter. (Amendments Nos....

Showing

2

of

11

relevant paragraphs

7.56.170
As to the rest of the amendments, I am afraid I have to oppose them.
7.56.167
Now, having regard to the fact that there are various ways by which economic democracy may be brought about, we have deliberately introduced in the language that we have used, in the directive principles, something which is not fixed or rigid. We have left enough room for people of different ways of thinking, with regard to the reaching of the i...

Showing

2

of

10

relevant paragraphs

7.69.3
 The only change is from 'and' to 'or' and the necessity of the change is so obvious that I do not think it is necessary for me to say anything regarding the same.
7.69.2
Sir, I move--     "That in clause (1) of article 23, for the words "script and culture" the words "script or culture" be substituted."

Showing

2

of

10

relevant paragraphs

9.122.6
    Sir, I move.
9.122.5
    The article are self-explanatory and I do not think that at this stage it is necessary for me to make any comments to brine out any of the points, because the points are all very plain. I would therefore reserve my remarks towards the end when after the debate probably it may be necessary for me to offer some explanation of some of the point...

Showing

2

of

10

relevant paragraphs

7.55.37
     Now, Sir, with regard to this question of differentiation between the Indian States and the Provinces of British India a great lot has been said, and I quite realise that the House is terribly excited over the distinction that the Constitution seeks to make but I should like to tell the House two things. One is this that we are at the pres...
7.55.34
     With regard to Article 226 which gives power to the Central Legislature to pass legislation on matters included in Provincial list, my submission is this that that authority will be exercised by Parliament by virtue of a Resolution passed by two-third majority of the Upper legislature. He will realize that the Upper House or Council of Sta...

Showing

2

of

10

relevant paragraphs

7.57.5
: Sir, I have not followed exactly what it is, but if it is a matter which relates to prohibition............
7.57.29
: I oppose the amendment, Sir.

Showing

2

of

9

relevant paragraphs

11.156.91
   : Before my honourable Friend proceeds further. I would like to point out that the words "and any failure to comply with such directions shall be deemed to be a failure to carry on the Government of the State in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution" have been omitted from article 371 which corresponds to the original article 30...
11.156.39
    : I think it would be better if he speaks after I have completed my argument. If he refers to article 306-B which deals again with the power to issue instructions and directions to States in Part III which are now States in Part B of the First Schedule, he will see that the last portion says: "any failure to comply with such directions shal...

Showing

2

of

9

relevant paragraphs

7.71.47
    With regard to the question of separating the Executive from the Judiciary, as I said, there is no difference of opinion and that proposition, in my judgment, does not depend at all on the question whether we have a presidential form of government or a Parliamentary form of government, because even under the Parliamentary form of Government ...
7.71.164
    I am sorry I cannot accept any of the amendments that have been moved. So far as the general discussion of the clause is concerned, I do not think I can usefully add anything to what my friends Mr. Munshi and Shri Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar have said.

Showing

2

of

9

relevant paragraphs

9.117.135
: Mr. President, Sir, it has not been possible for me to note down every point that has been made by those who have criticised the draft articles which I have moved. I do not think it is necessary to pursue every line of criticism. It is enough if I take the more substantial points and meet them.
9.117.140
Then I come to the criticism which has been levelled on the provisions which relate to immigrants from India to Pakistan. I think that those who have criticised these articles have again not clearly understood what exactly it is proposed to be done. I should like, therefore, to re- state what the articles say. According to the provisions which ...

Showing

2

of

8

relevant paragraphs

7.81.99
     Now, speaking for myself, I cannot say that I am very strongly prepossessed in favour of a second Chamber. To me, it is like the Curate's egg--good only in parts. (Laughter.) All that we are doing by this Constitution is to introduce the second Chamber purely as an experimental measure. We have not, by the Draft Constitution, given the Sec...
7.81.98
    Mr. Vice-President, Sir, I regret I cannot accept any of the amendments that have been moved to this particular article. I find from the speeches that have been made that there is not the same amount of unanimity in favour of the principle of having a second Chamber in the different provinces. I am not surprised at the views that have been e...

Showing

2

of

7

relevant paragraphs

9.144.35
Why all this eloquence over it ?
9.144.157
There is a lot of work to be done.

Showing

2

of

7

relevant paragraphs

7.79.200
    Amendment No. 1426 for dropping the words of India may be put, Sir.
7.79.193
    I have accepted the amendment of Mr. Naziruddin Ahmad as amended by him and as amended by ShriBhargava.

Showing

2

of

7

relevant paragraphs

6.47.137
    The answer is simple, After all, the power of adaptation will be exhausted by the 31st of March, What is to happen thereafter if the necessity for amending the existing constitution arose? Of course if the power of adaptation comes to an end, on the 1st of April and if our future Constitution also became operative on the 1st of April, the, p...
6.47.135
     The other point of criticism levelled by Mr.Santhanam relates to one of the new Rules which requires the assent of the Governor-General to the passing of a Bill adopted by the-Constituent Assembly. As the Members of this House will remember, the Committee, which reported on the bifurcation of the functions of the Constituent Assembly into (...

Showing

2

of

7

relevant paragraphs

7.79.189
    I was only saying that it may be taken away, not by force, but by consent. That is my proposition, and therefore, I submit that this proportional representation is really taking away by the back-door what has already been granted to the minorities by this agreement, because proportional representation will not give to the minorities what the...
7.79.187
     There is a third consideration which I think, it is necessary to bear in mind. In this country, for a long number of years, the people have been divided into majorities and minorities. I am not going into the question whether this division of the people into majorities and minorities was natural, or whether it was an artificial thing, or s...

Showing

2

of

6

relevant paragraphs

7.67.68
:This point was disposed of already, when we discussed the Directive Principles, and also when we discussed another amendment the other day.
7.67.66
:I was discussing another amendment with Mr. Ranga here and so.......

Showing

2

of

6

relevant paragraphs

1.7.25
Mr. Chairman, I am indeed very graceful to you for having called me to speak on the Resolution. I must however confess that your invitation has come to me as a surprise. I thought that as there were some 20 or 22 people ahead of me, my turn, if it did come at all, would come tomorrow. I would have preferred that as today I have come without an...
1.7.29
In the course of the debate that took place, there were two questions which were raised, which struck me so well that I took the trouble of taking them down on a piece of paper. The one question was, I think, by my friend, the Prime Minister of Bihar who spoke yesterday in this Assembly. He said, ‘how can this Resolution prevent the League from...

Showing

2

of

5

relevant paragraphs

9.124.92
     I would like to say one or two words on the remarks of Members of the Scheduled Castes who have spoken in somewhat passionate and vehement terms on the limitation imposed by this article. I have to say that they have really no cause for complaint, because the decision to limit the thing to ten years was really a decision which has been arr...
9.124.94
   For the Scheduled tribes I am prepared to give far longer time. But all those who have spoken about the reservations to the Scheduled Castes or to the Scheduled tribes have been so metriculous that the thing should end by ten years. All I want to say to them in the words of Edmund Burke, is "Large Empires and small minds go ill together".

Showing

2

of

5

relevant paragraphs

9.124.91
     With regard to the other arguments which have been used by my Friends Mr. Muniswami Pillai and M. Monomohon Das, I am sorry it is not possible to accept that amendment. Their proposal is that while they are prepared to leave the clause as it is, they propose to vest parliament with the power to alter this clause by further extension of the...
9.124.90
     Next, with regard to the question raised by Mr. Naziruddin Ahmad, one part of it has been, I think, met by the amendment moved by my Friend Mr. Krishnamachari which I also accept. I am not at all clear in my own mind at the present stage whether the words in the clause mean that the time-limit should begin to operate from the commencement ...

Showing

2

of

5

relevant paragraphs

9.140.480
   : That is a matter we will took to later on.
9.140.497
 No; no. It is not in today's Order Paper.

Showing

2

of

3

relevant paragraphs

10.150.2
Sir, I move."That article 224 be omitted.""That article 225 be omitted.""That after article 235, the following new article be inserted, namely:--Armed forces in States in Part III of the First Schedule., '235 A.  (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Constitution, a State for the time being specified in Part III of the First Schedule ha...
10.150.200
I would ask Mr. T. T. Krishnamachari to move the amendments on my behalf.

Showing

2

of

3

relevant paragraphs

7.61.161
    Sir, I move:     "That for clause (3) of Article 8, the following be substituted:--     (3) In this article--(a) the expression `law' includes any Ordinance, order, bye-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom, or usage having the force of law in the territory of India, or any part thereof;(b) the expression `laws in force' includes laws ...
7.61.162
 Sir, the reason for bringing in this amendment is this: It will be noticed that in article 8 there are two expressions which occur. In sub-clause (1) of article 8, there occurs the phrase "laws in force", while in sub-clause(2) the words "any law" occur. In the original draft as submitted to this House, all that was done was to give the definit...

Showing

2

of

3

relevant paragraphs

7.82.97
     : No, Sir. I do not accept Mr. Kamath's amendment.
7.82.82
     : Mr. Vice-president, Sir, I do not think any, reply is called for.

Showing

2

of

2

relevant paragraphs

4.27.171
 It should not be concluded today.
4.27.72
 The sentence will read now, "If the Bill is passed again by the legislature with or without amendments, he shall assent to it".

Showing

2

of

2

relevant paragraphs

3.21.118
I think that a clause somewhat on these lines is necessary and it will cover the case of people who are born in India, who will be the subjects of the Union, when the Union comes into being. Without this clause, large numbers of people will be de-nationalized. They will have no nationality at all. I, therefore, suggest that it may be as well to ...
3.21.117
is a point of great importance and we have to take this matter seriously. The difficulty that has arisen will be seen easily if one reads the very first sentence of the clause as drafted by the Committee. The draft says, 'every person born in the Union'. Obviously that has reference to future, those who will be born in the Union after the Union...

Showing

2

of

2

relevant paragraphs

11.158.2
     Mr. President, Sir, I move :     " That the Constitution as settled by the Assembly be passed."(Cheers)
11.158.5
   I propose to speak at the end. It is not the usual thing to speak now.

Showing

1

of

1

relevant paragraphs

9.116.89
: But he has not even moved it! Oh, that proviso-yes, I have accepted it.

Showing

1

of

1

relevant paragraphs

3.18.21
I do not wish to interrupt the speaker; but in dealing with clause 8(e), he is rather giving a wrong impression of the whole clause.

Showing

1

of

1

relevant paragraphs

10.152.314
     I have nothing to say.

Showing

1

of

1

relevant paragraphs

10.145.17
      I think, Sir. that 10 to 1 will be all right.
Filters
|
Reset All

Filters

×
Close
Speaker+ 1
Speakers referred to
Articles
Date of debate
Countries referred to