The State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter, of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle

Debate Summary

Draft Article 38A (Article 48 of the Constitution of India, 1950) was debated on November 24, 1948.  This provision had two different debate angles – (i) the need for improvement of breeds and prohibition of slaughter only to the extent of improving public health and nutrition and for the sake of improving agriculture and (ii) the religious sentiments behind cow slaughter. There was much debate on moving this provision into the fundamental rights portion which was denied. The rationale behind this was that fundamental rights are to deal with human beings only and not animals. The Assembly also debated on the cultural and economic questions of animal husbandry and whether other cattle should be specified in the provision. They delved into prohibitions and relaxation of animal particularly cow slaughter in different jurisdictions and different personal laws