Seth Govind Das
1896 - 1974

Early Life:

Seth Govind Das was born on 16 October 1896 to Diwan Bahadur Jiwan Das and Parvati Bai. Das did not get a formal school education, but he was tutored at home from an early age.

 

Role in India’s independence movement:

In 1920 Das joined the Indian National Congress and participated in nation’s struggle for freedom. He was involved in the Non-Cooperation movement, protests around Simon Commission, Civil Disobedience movement, and Quit India movement.

Due to his participation in the freedom movement he was arrested multiple times.

 

Contribution to Constitution Making:

Das was elected to the Assembly from Central Provinces and Berar. In the Assembly he spoke on issues of ban on cow slaughter, national language, national anthem,  

 

Key Writings:

He was an extensive writer; he has authored poems, novels, travelogues, plays, biographies and autobiographies. Some of his works include ‘Aatma-Nirikshan’, ‘Smriti Kan’, ‘Pandit Motilal Nehru Ki Jeevani’, and ‘Desh Ratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad’.

 

Later Contributions:

As a seasoned Parliamentarian, Das was the Protem speaker in the Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Lok Sabhas.

He was a member of the Finance and Staff Committee.

  1. Das argued for making Draft Article 38A (present Article 48) which deals with cow slaughter,  a fundamental right. Additionally he sought to expand the definition of cow to prohibit slaughter of any cow irrespective of its utility.
  2. During the discussion on National language he vehemently argued for adopting Hindi in Devanagri Script. In fact, he wanted the Draft Constitution to have been deliberated and written in Hindi.
  3. Invoking the Irish Constitution, Das noted that the Indian Constitution must include the adoption and description of the national flag.

  1. Dr Sudhir Saxena, The Destiny Man: Seth Govind Das Inspiring Glimpses (Notion Press 2019)
  2. Bhupendra Hooja, A life dedicated: biography of Govind Das (Seth Govind Das Diamond Jubilee Celebrations Committee, 1956)
  3. Prof. Gulab Rai, Seth Govinddas Abhinandan Granth.
  4. A website dedicated to Das: http://www.gokuldas.com/sg/index.php?sg=1