K.T. Shah

      K.T. Shah's Timeline

Early Life:

K. T. Shah was an economist, educated at the London School of Economics and Gray’s Inn and practiced as an advocate in Bombay from 1914.Shah was made Professor of Economics at Mysore University when he was 30 years old and in 1921 went on to become the first Professor of Economics at the Bombay University. Shah was appointed secretary of the National Planning Committee, 1938 that was set up by Indian National Congress.

He attended the Round Table Conference in 1930, the 1st of 3 sessions that was convened by the British Government to discuss the Constitution of India, as an advisor to the Princes.

He was a part of Congress Experts Committee which was set up by the Congress Working Committee in July 1946. The aim of this Committee was to prepare materials for the Constituent Assembly.

Contribution to Constitution Making:

Shah was a socialist and an economist and was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Bihar. He supported the inclusion of ‘economic and social’ rights in the constitution and agued for inclusion ofthe word ‘secular’ in the constitution and moved amendments to this effect. But his amendments were not accepted. Subsequently The Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act, 1976 inserted ‘secular’ and ‘socialist’in the Preamble of the Constitution of India, 1950.

He submitted his draft constitution as a part of the Union Constitution Committee. He was a member of Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee and prepared a draft list of rights for the first meeting of the Sub-Committee.  He expressed strong support for Directive Principles in the Sub-Committee.


Shah wrote extensively on matters relating to: administration, economics, history, and politics. Some of his works include:Sixty Years of Indian Finance,Splendor That Was India, Insurance, Promise That Was China, Federal Structure, and Principles of Planning. He also was a gifted playwright and wrote plays in Gujarati.

Later Contributions:

He visited China as a member of an Indian Trade Union delegation. He died in March 1953.

Committee Memberships:

  1. Advisory Committee
  2. Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights
  3. Union Constitution Committee