Dr. Mukund Ramrao Jayakar was born in Bombay in 1873 and grew up to become a prominent lawyer. He was one of the key members of the Hindu Mahasabha and was its first President; he was also one of the non-Brahmin leaders of the Mahasabha.
He established the Hindu Law Research and Reform Association (HLRRA) in 1923. This organization aimed to build a network of legal practitioners and scholars to advance, reform and work on Hindu legal framework. One of the main objectives of HLRRA was to determine, under the English regime, the:
principles underlying the system of Hindu Law...and propose legislation with a view to rectify errors in the administration of Hindu Law, arising from departure from the true spirit of the Hindu Code.
Contribution to Constitution Making:
Jayakar was a member of the Sapru Committee, a non-party affiliated group, which produced a report in 1945. The Sapru Committee Report laid down principles for a new constitution and demanded a constitution making body.
He was elected to the Constituent Assembly on a Congress ticket from Bombay. However after a brief stint in the Assembly, he gave up his seat which Ambedkar then occupied.
Jayakar authored his autobiography The Story of My Life (Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1958).
In A.F.Whyte’s, an English Civil Servant, review of Jayakar’s autobiography, he notes:
The first volume takes the story of the author and (needless to say) of contemporary Indian down to 1922. The second will follow soon; and the two volumes taken together will not only be the authentic personal narrative of a remarkable Pilgrim’s Progress, but will constitute a political survey indispensible to the student of Indian affairs.
Jayakar was not a member of any Committees in the Assembly.