Pattabhi Sitaramayya was a practicing physician from Masulipatnam in Andhra Pradesh, where most of his activism for the independence movement was centred. Giving up his medical practice, he became a member of the All India Congress Committee in 1916. He set up Andhra Bank, as well as an English weekly publication, the Janmabhumi, in1919, which functioned till 1930.
He stood for Presidency of the Congress in 1938, but was defeated. Later, however, he was elected President of the Jaipur Session in 1948. He also served as the Governor of Madhya Pradesh from 1952 to 1957. His works include ‘Indian Nationalism’ (1913), ‘Non-Cooperation’ (1921), ‘History of the Indian National Congress’ (Two volumes, in 1935 and 1947) .