Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar was born on the 4th of February 1891 in Thiruchanur, Chittoor district of the Madras Presidency. He began his career as a Mathematics teacher in 1912, and gradually turned towards the legal profession in 1915.
Role in India’s independence movement:
Ayyangar got involved with the freedom struggle at a very early age. He was one Indian National Congress. He suspended his legal practice for a year’s time, between 1921 and 1922 to participate in the Non- Cooperation Movement. He was subsequently elected to the Central Legislative Assembly in 1934.
Ayyangar was imprisoned twice between 1940 and 1944 for nearly three years; the first for partaking in the ‘Individual Satyagraha Campaign’ and the next, in the ‘Quit India Movement’ of 1942.
He actively fought against numerous social evils such as untouchability, social and economic inequality.
Contribution to Constitution Making:
Ayyangar was made as the Deputy Speaker of the Constituent Assembly and also served as a member in the Assembly’s Steering Committee.
He regularly edited a Telugu weekly called ‘Sri Venkatesa Patrika', and also wrote a book on Indian Parliament called ‘Our Parliament’. He also authored ‘Indian Culture and Religious Thought’.
During 1950-52, he remained the Deputy Speaker of the Provisional Parliament and in 1952, the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha. In 1957, he was unanimously elected the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
He served as a member of the Central Advisory Board of Education for a while and later as the Chancellor of the Rishikul University, Haridwar. He was conferred the honorary degree of Doctor of Literature by the Shri Vaishnava Theological University, Brindavan in 1954. Ayyangar served as the Governor of Bihar and served from 1962 to 1967.
He passed away on 19 March in 1978.