Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar was born on 14th May 1883 in Pudur village, Andhra Pradesh. He studied history in Madras Christian College and obtained B.L. degree after attending classes during his free time. During his time at Madras Christian College, he was appointed as a tutor of history after exhibiting great competence.
He became a prominent member of the Bar and was appointed as the Advocate General of Madras State from 1929 to 1944 at the age of 45. He was also made the Dewan Bahadur in 1930. In 1932 he got knighted in the New Year Honours List. However he surrendered the Knighthood. He was a renowned jurist and was appointed to the Government of India Committee to amend the law of Partnership and Sale of Goods 1929. Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyyer was very encouraging of new lawyers and had kept his library open for anyone to access.
Role in India’s Independence Movement:
He did not have an active political career. He was not involved in India’s freedom struggle. He was a full time advocate when he was appointed to the Constituent Assembly.
Contribution to Constitution Making:
He was appointed to the Constituent Assembly from Madras province and served from 1946 to 1949. In the Constituent Assembly he as a part of nine Committees including: Drafting Committee, Advisory Committee, Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights. He made important interventions in the debates on: debates on citizenship provisions in the Constitution, arguing for restrictions on fundamental rights, defending President’s powers during proclamation of emergency.
After his tenure at the Constituent Assembly he retired from public life.
Alladi Kuppuswami, son of Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyyer, instituted ‘The Alladi Memorial Trust’ in 1983 in honour of birth centenary of his father. This trust conducts lectures on topics relating to Constitutional law.
Ayyar died on 3rd October 1953.
- Member, Rules of Procedure Committee;
- Member, Credentials Committee;
- Member, Functions Committee;
- Member, Advisory Committee;
- Member, Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee;
- Member, Union Powers Committee;
- Member, Union Constitution Committee;
- Member, Ad hoc Committee on the Supreme Court;
- Member, Drafting Committee.
"Legal Luminary”, V.S. Ravi, Published on 28th September 2003.