Sardar Vallabhai Patel was educated in Nadiad High School and the Middle Temple. Popularly referred to as the Iron Man of India, Vallabhbhai Patel is known for his involvement in the Indian freedom movement and its integration after independence. Highly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, he was actively involved in the Quit India Movement and the Satyagraha.
As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, he organized relief efforts for refugees fleeing from Punjab and Delhi and worked to restore peace across the nation. He is responsible for integrating the 565 princely states into the Union of India soon after the Independence. He also represented the Bombay Province in the Constituent Assembly. He started his career as a barrister with a degree in law from England.
His stint in politics began with his election in the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in 1917 during which he transformed the city completely. He extended electricity, drainage and sanitation facility to all parts of the city and conducted major educational reforms including fighting for the recognition and payment of teachers. In 1920, Patel was nominated and elected as the President of the newly formed Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee.
He was Home plus Information and Broadcasting Minister in Interim Government, 1946. He held the post of Minister for States after July 1947 and Minister of Home and States after 1948.