Curriculum: NCERT Case Background (PDF)
Grade(s): 10 Ingredients of a Case (PDF)
Subject: Social Studies Oral Arguments (PDF)
Textbook: Social and Political Life – 1 Constitutional History (PDF)
Unit: Democratic Politics Judgment (PDF)
Level of difficulty: Easy
Personal laws regulate Indian citizens’ marriage, divorce, maintenance, inheritance and succession. These laws are largely influenced by religious customs of native communities. However they are primarily criticized for perpetuating gender inequality and inherent discrimination. While Muslim personal laws receive the most flak for being discriminatory, some argue that Hindu laws are no different.
The core controversy surrounding this issue has been the conflict between personal laws and gender justice. In this context, there has been continued demand for a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) - standardized law regulating all aspects of personal law.
Sharaya Bano v. Union of India reignited this issue where the Supreme Court invalidated Triple Talaq. Though the case did not touch upon UCC, it delved into issues regarding personal laws and gender justice.
This exercise provides a series of worksheets which aim to provide deeper understanding of religion and personal laws and gender justice through its constitutional past and the Sharaya Bano case.